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Proving historicity of Krishna-Birth and names of lord krishna
Posted By Sarin on Aug 05, 2012     RSS Feeds     Latest Hinduism news

Since lord Krishna birthday (Janmashtami) is coming near, I will be writing next few articles on lord Krishna. I have already posted many articles on lord Krishna. If you haven’t read them, then please go through the below link:
Proof of Lord krishna existence-1

Scientific Proof of lord Krishna existence

Various Maya-Illusions of lord krishna

Stories of radha krishna love

Why Lord krishna had more than 16000 wives

Why Lord Krishna didnt marry radha

Cheating and Deception by lord krishna

In this article, I will be trying to lay out the maximum evidence to prove the historicity of lord Krishna.  
Based on the archeological proof obtained from different part of India
, Historians and archeologist have came to the conclusion that Krishna was the historic character and story of Mahabharata may be most certainly true. However they still suspects the divinity of lord Krishna and they consider Krishna as intelligent human having some extra ordinary technology, and the one who followed the path of dharma and karma at its best.

Lord Krishna, most intelligent human of treta yuga
Now no one can prove if the stories of lord Krishna are true since the stories are more than thousands of year old. It’s just the spiritual experience and faith of the devotees that they believe lord Krishna was the supreme divine character.  
In this series of article, I will be discussing just the events related to lord Krishna. Believing it or non-believing, I leave it to you.
There are many names of lord Krishna. These names were honored to him according to the karma (Deeds) he did in his life. Some of the names are:
Gopal- ‘Go’ means Cow and ‘pal’ means protector. So,
lord Krishna was given the name Gopal because he was the protector of cows.  

Protector of cow-Gopala with brother balarama
Below are some of the other names with their meaning:  
Krishna Dark-Complexioned Lord
Balgopal The Child Krishna, The All Attractive
Govinda One Who Pleases The Cows, The Land And The Entire Nature
Sachidanand Vigraha Embodiment of existence, Awareness and bliss
Govardhanchalo Dhartreya                                   Lifter of Govardhan Hil
Kama janakaye   One generating desires in worldly mind
Gopalpriya Lover Of Cowherds
Kamsantak Slayer Of Kamsa
Keshava One Who Has Long, Black Matted Locks
Madhusudan Slayer Of Demon Madhu
Murlidhar One Who Holds The Flute
Nandgopala The Son Of Nand
Parthasarthi Charioteer Of Partha - Arjuna
Sahasrajit One Who Vanquishes Thousands
Sarvapalaka Protector Of All
Damodar One tied with a grinding Stone
Mathura Naresh King of Birth city Mathura
Lila-Manush-Vigraha Assuming human form to perform pastimes
Shrivastav Kausthuba-Dharya Wearing Shri Vatsa and Kausthubha Gem
Yashoda-Vatsalya Mother Yashoda's darling child
Megh-varna the one with the color-of-clouds
Murli-manohar steals hearts by the melody of his flute
Madan-Mohan can mesmerize Cupid himself with His beauty

Murli-Manohar Krishna kanhaiya
There were many other names given to him because of his divine and supreme character. Some of these with their meanings are:

Achyuta Infallible Lord 
Adbhutah Wonderful God 
Adidev The Lord Of The Lords 
Ajanma One Who Is Limitless And Endless 
Ajaya The Conqueror Of Life And Death 
Akshara Indestructible Lord 
Amrut One Who Is Sweet As Nectar 
Anaadih One Who Is The First Cause 
Anandsagar Compassionate Lord 
Ananta The Endless Lord 
Anaya One Who Has No Leader 
Aniruddha One Who Cannot Be Obstructed 
Aparajeet The Lord Who Cannot Be Defeated 
Avyukta One Who Is As Clear As Crystal 
Chaturbhuj Four-Armed Lord 
Danavendra Granter Of Boons 
Dayalu Repositiory Of Compassion 
Dayanidhi The Compassionate Lord 
Devakinandan Son Of Mother Devaki 
Dharmadhyaksha The Lord OF Dharma 
Dwarkapati Lord Of Dwarka 
Gyaneshwar The Lord Of Knowledge 
Hari The Lord Of Nature 
Hiranyagarbha The All Powerful Creator 
Hrishikesh The Lord Of All Senses 
Jagadguru Preceptor Of The Universe 
Jagadisha Protector Of All 
Jagannath Lord Of The Universe 
Janardhana One Who Bestows Boons On One And All 
Jayantah Conqueror Of All Enemies 
Jyotiraaditya The Resplendence Of The Sun 
Kamalnath The Lord Of Goddess Lakshmi 
Kamalnayan The Lord With Lotus Shaped Eyes 
Kanjalochana The Lotus-Eyed God 
Lakshmikantam The Lord Of Goddess Lakshmi 
Lokadhyaksha Lord Of All The Three Lokas (Worlds) 
Madan The Lord Of Love 
Madhava Knowledge Filled God 
Mahendra Lord Of Indra 
Manmohan All Pleasing Lord 
Manohar Beautiful Lord 
Mayur The Lord Who Has A Peacock Feathered-Crest 
Mohan All Attractive God 
Murali The Flute Playing Lord 
Murlimanohar The Flute Playing God 
Narayana The Refuge Of Everyone 
Niranjana The Unblemished Lord 
Nirguna Without Any Properties 
Padmahasta One Who Has Hands Like Lotus 
Padmanabha The Lord Who Has A Lotus Shaped Navel 
Parabrahmana The Supreme Absolute Truth 
Paramatma Lord Of All Beings 
Parampurush Supreme Personality 
Prajapati Lord Of All Creatures 
Punyah Supremely Pure 
Purshottam The Supreme Soul 
Ravilochana One Who Eye Is The Sun 
Sahasraakash Thousand-Eyed Lord 
Sahasrapaat Thousand-Footed Lord 
Sakshi All Witnessing Lord 
Sanatana The Eternal Lord 
Sarvajana Omniscient Lord 
Sarveshwar Lord Of All Gods 
Satyavachana One Who Speaks Only The Truth 
Satyavrata The Truth Dedicated Lord 
Shantah Peaceful Lord 
Shreshta The Most Glorious Lord 
Shrikanta Beautiful Lord 
Shyam Dark-Complexioned Lord 
Shyamsundara Lord Of The Beautiful Evenings 
Sudarshana Handsome Lord 
Sumedha Intelligent Lord 
Suresham Lord Of All Demi-Gods 
Swargapati Lord Of Heavens 
Trivikrama Conqueror Of All The Three Worlds 
Vaikunthanatha Lord Of Vaikuntha, The Heavenly Abode 
Vardhamaanah The Formless Lord 
Vasudev All Prevailing Lord 
Vishnu All Prevailing Lord 
Vishwadakshinah Skilfull And Efficient Lord 
Vishwamurti Of The Form Of The Entire Universe 
Vishwarupa One Who Displays The Universal Form 
Vishwatma Soul Of The Universe 
Vrishaparvaa Lord Of Dharma 
Yogi The Supreme Master 
Yoginampati Lord Of The Yogis 

Beside these, there are more 100 names given to lord Krishna. Only an extra-ordinary personality can be attributed with so many names.  
Now for non-believers, here is the list of questions that most devotees would like to raise?
  1)     If Krishna was a mythological character, why there was a need for so many names or why did anyone tried to derive so many times. How many names does our harry potter have?  
2)    Did you ever see any community in the world celebrating the birth or death anniversaries of any fictitious person?
  If lord krishna was a mythological character, then why there was a need of celebrating his birthday(janmashtami) and that too in many countries of the world?
Lord Krishna birthday (Janmashtami) celebration in Mumbai
  3)    If he was a mythological character then why many festivals like holi, diwali etc which are related to lord Krishna, are celebrated since time unknown.
4)    If he was a mythological character and was the creation of one author then why many other authors and philosophers (Authors from outside India too) are validating the creation of that author over the course of time and don’t even care to mention that Krishna is a fictional character or the story is the fictional story.
5)    If lord Krishna was a fictional character, then how come many cities that are mentioned in Mahabharata and similar ancient texts still exist? Rarely across the world, is any city name based on the fictional story.
6)    Why the folk dance related to lord Krishna (Raas -Leela) is still demonstrated across India and outside India in countries like Indonesia, Thailand, Myanmar etc.
7)    Can our saints and sages, who have always spoken the truth since birth, can lie and claim a fictional story as true?
8)    Has been there any one fictitious character whose story has been written repeatedly by 10 to 20 authors? Stories of Krishna has been told verbally, non-verbally and literally since time immemorial by thousands of writers ,sages, poets, and authors in different languages and in different countries of the world.

  9)    Over the course of time, many high-level intellectuals and enlightened individuals have given their life in the devotion of lord Krishna. Why such individuals with great IQ (intelligence) got attracted to the fictional character?
India is one of the oldest civilizations on earth and never had a tradition of writing imaginary stories as our country was never short of real-life heroes. Since we are living in kali-yuga, humans are so much bewildered and trapped in materialistic illusions that their mind has lost his ability to realize what is right and what is wrong.
In this and future articles, we will try to focus on facts and evidences available to claim the historicity of lord Krishna. More than hundred years ago, one of the greatest intellectuals of India, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, wrote a remarkable book (Sri Krishna Charitra) devoted to a scientific study of lord Krishna.
To shatter the magnificent history of eastern world, many western authors came up with false theories to prove their superiority and dominance over the entire world. One of such theory was a completely baseless theory by max muller called as Aryan Invasion Theory. Many recent discoveries, archeological proof and DNA analysis have shattered the claims of Aryan Invasion Theory and have pushed back the dates of Vedic literature to much before than it were generally believed by the early philosophers and historians.

At the top of this page, I have already posted two articles written by different authors who tried to scientifically prove the existence of lord Krishna. In this article, we shall examine all such evidence available today to unravel the Historical significance of Krishna.
Historical period of Krishna
According to Srimad Bhagvatam, Krishna came on Earth at the end of the Dwapar Yug of the 7th Manvantar of the 1st Kalpa of the 51st year of the current Brahma. If you were not able to understand the time span, then let me give you the short description
Life span of Brahma is
100 years; Brahma one year of 360 days is called Kalpas; each day of Brahma is divided into 14 Manvantars; and lastly, each Manvantar is divided into 71 Maha-Yugas (Eons) with 4 Yugas each
Birth of Krishna
Currently, we are living in Kaliyuga-the last of the four Yugas. According to astronomical calculations, Kaliyuga started on 20th February 3102 BCE. Bhagvatam declares that Kaliyuga couldn't begin till the lord was residing on earth. So, if this is true then Krishna was born roughly around 3300-3200 BCE.

Note that some scriptures states that kaliyuga began when lord Krishna completed his studies and blew the conch shell given by parshuram in guru ashram.

Anointing the Anointed One - Krishna's Birth Ceremony
Fortuitously, we have a large body of archaeological and literary evidence to guide us in deriving an approximate time-span for his presence. Epi
c Mahabharat is one of such earliest text providing explicit detailed descriptions of lord Krishna.
Now Mahabharata is not based on life of lord Krishna; instead it is based on the history of Kurus (Pandavs and Kauravs) - King of Hastinapur kingdom. So, Mahabharata contains only limited part of Krishna's life which directly or indirectly had an effect on hastinapur kingdom or other kingdom of bharat varsha (Those days India which included full of Asia). However, the most famous, adorned literary text of
Mahabharata is the Bhagavad Gita which shows Krishna as more than just a normal living being. He was treated as the appointed princely diplomat (Delegate) of the Supreme God or the supreme god Himself.
Lord Krishna riding a chariot in battlefield of kurukshetra.
Grant Morrison - the director of animation-based Mahabharata states about gita as -
The Gita, with its direct, no-nonsense guide for all the living beings, is at the very core of the Mahabharata; Whole story came into existence because lord Krishna wanted to preach Bhagavad gita to the mortal living beings of this world. The conflict between brothers in Mahabharata shows the war between duty and desire, the spiritual and the material, the war fought by human being in their life every day.

Because of the high value based teaching with an ultimate message, bhagavad gita has been adorned by intellectuals all around the world. Even the greatest of all the scientists
, Albert Einstein and father of our nation, Mahatma Gandhi, applauded bhagavad gita and changed their way of thinking after reading gita. In fact, Gandhi approach of satyagraha and non-violence was derived from bhagavad gita. Gandhi has also written a book on bhagavad gita.

Krishna reveals the Gita to a bewildered Arjuna
Albert Einstein in his book said that
"When I read the Bhagavad-Gita and reflect about how God created this universe everything else seems so superfluous."  
In the next article, we will dig up many ancient scriptures including Jain and Buddhist literature to derive out the most probable time span of lord Krishna.

Before ending, wishing all of you a very happy janmashtami.

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